British French Middle East Agreement

The agreement has thus helped shape the contours of modern nation-states in a region where there were none before. Given that this is essentially an agreement between two colonialist powers outside the region, it would have devastating effects. The agreement gave a general understanding of the British and French spheres of influence in the Middle East. The objective was to divide among themselves the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire (without the Arabian Peninsula). On September 15, the British distributed a memorial aid (which had been discussed privately two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]) that the British would withdraw their troops to Palestine and Mesopotamia and hand over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Faisal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, Clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] The British and French governments, as protectors of the Arab state, agree that they themselves do not acquire territorial possessions of a third power in the Arabian Peninsula and that they will not accept or accept a third power that establishes a naval base either on the east coast or on the Red Sea islands. This does not, however, preclude an adaptation of the border with Aden, which may be necessary in the wake of the recent Turkish aggression. In another sign of British discontent with Sykes-Picot, Sykes drafted a “memorandum on the Asia Minor Agreement” in August, which advocated its renegotiation in order to make the French understand that they were “redeeming themselves – that is, if they cannot reconcile a military effort with their policy, they should change their policy.”